Nizhnesvirsky State Nature Reserve was found in 1980 for the preservation and research into nature systems on the south-east coast of Ladoga Lake. One of the most important object is to preserve mass stands of migrating birds.
The Reserve is situated in the north-eastern part of the Leningrad Region, Lodeynoe Pole district. The preserved territory is located between Karelia, the Svir River in its lower flow and Ladoga Lake. Total area of the Reserve is 41,6 thousand ha. Theaquatic surface of Ladoga Lake covers as much as 5 thousand ha there of. The relief in this locality is plane. Near Ladoga Lake there are about 20 low sandy ridges stretching along the coastline. This relief has resulted from deglaciation and subsequent transgression of Ladoga Lake. Moors occupy near 50 per cent of the area, while taiga forests cover the rest part.
Flora and Fauna
The Reserve is situated in the middle taiga zone. At present the botanical list includes over 520 species of vascular plants, over 350 species of mushrooms. 33 species of fishes live in the waters. Pike, zander, perch, bream frequently occur, less common is lake salmon. One can find here 4 species of amphibians and 4 species of reptiles.
Ornithofauna of the Reserve, which counts 261 species of birds, is rich and diverse. Some rare birds of prey registered in The National Red Book, such as white-tailed eagle, osprey, golden eagle, occur in the Reserve. Capercaillie, black grouse, crane, curlew are very common. Such a rare species in Europe as white-backed woodpecker also inhabites the Area. Typical mammals are brown bear, elk, wolf, beaver, badger. Sometimes rare Ringed seal is found in Ladoga Lake. In the Reserve there are biological stations (Gumbaritsy, Kovkenitsy, Lakhta) for field research work. Every year scientists from the Reserve, University of Saint-Petersburg, Botanical Institute (S.-Petersburg), German and Finland study the Kingdom of plants and animals, the migrations of birds. Annually, about 20 thousand birds are trapped in the ornithological station Gumbaritsy for ringing.